Infertility testing for women may include
Checking your anti-mullerian hormone
Antral follicle count
This will help to determine your ovarian reserve (the number of eggs that you have remaining) and can also tell us what type of treatment is needed and when your treatment should begin. These are determined with a standard blood test and ultrasound.
Transvaginal ultrasound can also be used to determine the quantity of your follicles (eggs) but can also identify the presence of uterine growths, problems related to the uterine lining, and ovarian cysts. For this procedure, a wand is inserted into the vagina and moved gently around the lower abdomen. You may experience a feeling of pressure or very mild discomfort.
Hysterosalpingogram (HSG), is a type of x-ray in which dye is inserted vaginally into the uterine cavity which is then x-rayed.
It is used to reveal blockages in the fallopian tubes or other uterine abnormalities. You may experience mild cramping or discomfort from the dye insertion.
Infertility testing for men may include
Semen analysis, to measure sperm count, semen volume and consistency, pH of semen, and white blood cell count. All of these factors can affect the ability of sperm to travel and fertilize an egg. Sometimes, low or nonexistent sperm counts are related to physiological problems that can be corrected with surgery or with medications.
Physical examination and medical history evaluation to determine if lifestyle factors, medications, or genetics may be involved.