Surrogacy is a complex fertility treatment due to the number of involved parts. Normally, in an IVF treatment, the couple or the single person decides to start the fertility treatment because they have the wish to become parents and a complication that frustrates it without the IVF clinic. If you want to know the risks of surrogacy, keep reading!
Surrogacy would provide to some parent(s) the unique opportunity to have a child because they cannot have it for himself but also, complicates the treatment because the surrogates usually do not have relation with the parents before.
Becoming pregnant, it’s normally a challenge but starts a surrogacy process it is not always an easy decision. It requires research, familial support and a long process with all the involved parties.
Every surrogacy process is different based on the surrogate’s circumstances but, in general, here are some of the possible risks to surrogate mothers and intended parents.
The main risks of surrogacy
Surrogacy involves many complicated medical processes and screening, from pre-transfer medications to the embryo transfer to the delivery. Before being able to become a surrogate, the women will undergo the screening and the psychological tests to ensure is emotionally stable in carrying a child for intended parents. A medical professional will examine her personal history and explain any medical complications she may be at risk for and will monitor the health of the surrogate and the baby throughout the pregnancy to address any potential complications that may emerge. The whole process is a large inversion of time, often takes a year or longer to complete the entire process.
The surrogates need to inject himself the medication as in a normal IVF treatment to prepare the uterus where the embryo is going to be transferred. The injections can be annoying, but it always depends on the surrogate and its tolerance to the needles.
The surrogates maybe are asked to change some habit to not engage in any risky physical activity that could endanger the pregnancy. As a normal pregnancy is physically challenged but, in a surrogacy, it is necessary to undergo additional screenings, appointments, fertility treatments, and more.
Like in other pregnancy the surrogates could experience a medical risk including nausea from morning sickness, weight gain, swelling, back pain, heartburn and other uncomfortable side effects. Some more serious side effects are conditions that can develop during the pregnancy like gestational diabetes, hypertension or potential damage to your reproductive organs. These are some of most common problems of surrogacy.
During the surrogacy is possible to carry more than one baby with the risks implicates in multiple pregnancy. The improving of the IVF treatments for the selection of the best quality embryo decreases the multiple pregnancies but is still present in the IVF treatments. The possible health risk would be preterm labor, low birth weight for the babies, placental abruption and the potential for a cesarean.
The delivery as every medical intervention could be a complication, some surrogates through a cesarean section due to risks with their pregnancy, while others deliver naturally.
Pregnancy can be stressful and emotionally difficult, and it can be even more challenging when you are carrying someone else’s baby. The clinic offers an expert who can offer support during all the process.
To reduce surrogacy risks, it is important that the surrogates follow her doctor’s recommendations and schedule an appointment as soon as possible if something feels wrong about the pregnancy reducing the possible risks of being a surrogate mother.
Around the world, the legal status of surrogacy may vary. In some countries, such as the UK, Canada, Denmark, Australia, and New Zealand, the only surrogacy permitted is altruistic. Bulgaria, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, and Spain all forms of surrogacy are forbidden. In America, surrogacy is protected on the state level.
The intended will need to relinquish some control and trust the surrogate to carry the pregnancy. Most surrogacy journeys are successful, so intended parents can feel confident in trusting their surrogate to successfully deliver a child.
Surrogacy can be expensive because of the number of people and services involved. In the clinic, they can help to find a way to finance the surrogacy treatment.
It is important to be guided by a professional expert to ensure the process is completed safely and legally because can be complicated. Surrogacy involves different parts who need to be patient and flexible. We hope you have now a better understanding of most common risks of surrogacy.