Surrogacy is a fertility treatment where a woman (surrogate) carries a baby for intended parents. There are two types of surrogacy: traditional surrogacy and gestational surrogacy. In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate provides her own eggs and carries the child while in gestational surrogacy, the surrogate does not have a biological genetic relationship with the child. So, how does surrogacy work?
Surrogacy is a treatment that benefits heterosexual and homosexual couples as well as single men and women.
Medical reasons for surrogacy for women
Prospective mothers who need surrogacy may have a medical condition that precludes pregnancy, such as cancer, autoimmune diseases, blood disorders, kidney diseases, or severe heart conditions. In these cases, the pregnancy is dangerous to the health of the mother and doctors advise against it.
Surrogacy provides these women with the option to become a mother of their own biological children when their eggs are healthy. If the intended mother has a medical condition that can be passed through her eggs, our doctors will perform preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) or she can select an egg donor.
Breast Cancer is one of the most common female cancers and has a high survival rate, especially when detected early. Pregnancy can worsen hormone-receptor positive breast cancer, spreading its growth and affecting maternal survival rates. Surrogacy is an option for patients undergoing chemotherapy. If a woman needs surgery to remove her ovaries and is not able to freeze her eggs on time, surrogacy with egg donation also is a possibility.
Rokitansky syndrome is a congenital absence of the uterus and women born with it will need a surrogate as will women with uterus malformations or who have had surgeries that render their uterus nonfunctional, such as a hysterectomy, Women can provide their own eggs or choose an egg donor.
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is another indicator for surrogacy. RPL can be caused by poor egg quality, endometriosis, adenomyosis or an unknown implantation failure. Females who have chronic diseases such as advanced-stage AIDS or hepatitis B with cirrhosis can also benefit from gestational surrogacy.
Social reasons for surrogacy
Some women want surrogacy because they experience severe panic attacks during pregnancy and childbirth. Or they may be from countries, including Denmark or Spain, that restrict IVF treatment because they are older women. These patients will need to find fertility clinics in other countries, including the United States. This is an important issue if we talk about how surrogacy works.
Pregnancy for women who are considered advanced maternal age (42 years and older) can affect their health or their eggs may not be viable for pregnancy success or could lead to chromosomal disorders resulting in pregnancy loss. Many of these women consider surrogacy because of their age.
Male same-sex couples and single men need surrogacy to have biological children with their sperm and donated eggs either from the surrogate or from a known or anonymous egg donor.
Surrogacy offers new opportunities for those who have struggled with infertility, LGBT couples, and those with medical conditions that make pregnancy unsafe. Surrogacy is often the answer to years of unsuccessful attempts to create a family. This is all you need to know if you wonder how does surrogacy work.